Development of Learning Variations to Improve Basic Jumping Skills and Play Approaches of Elementary School Students

Doris Apriani Ritonga, Suryadi Damanik, Saipul Ambri Damanik, Suprayitno Suprayitno, Galih Priyambada
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From the class of 2018 to 2020, researchers found several weaknesses faced by physical education (PE) teachers in elementary schools in developing active learning. One of the very basic weaknesses is the low creativity and innovation of teachers in developing basic movement skills and character values with a play approach, and in this case, playing is made in the form of games that suit the needs of students. Teachers tend to use existing forms of play such as baseball, soccer, volleyball, and basketball, even though these games are not compatible with elementary school children's growth and development level. The purpose of research and development of learning variations of PE in sports and health based on a play approach is expected to develop basic movement abilities and character values of elementary school students. The research method used is Borg and Gall's research and development. The subjects of this study were 4th-grade elementary school students and four teachers at UPT Percut Sei Tuan. The research instrument uses a rating scale so that the variation of PE learning based on the play approach is suitable for improving elementary school students' basic techniques and character values .


Learning variations, Basic skills of jumping, Play approach

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Ritonga, D. A., Damanik, S., Damanik, S. A., Suprayitno, & Priyambada, G. (2022). Development of learning variations to improve basic jumping skills and play approaches of elementary school students. International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science, and Technology (IJEMST), 10(2), 360-371.



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International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology (IJEMST) 
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Editors: Ismail Sahin & Mack Shelley

Place of Publication: Turkey & Name of Publisher: Ismail Sahin

ISSN: 2147-611X (Online)

International Society for Technology, Education and Science (ISTES)